Occupational therapy (OT) focuses on helping children and people with a physical, sensory, or cognitive disability to be able to make them as independent as possible in all areas of their lives. OT can help children with various needs improve their cognitive, physical, sensory, and motor skills and enhance their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.

Some people may think that occupational therapy is only for adults; children, after all, do not have any occupation. But a child’s main job is playing and learning, and occupational therapists can evaluate children’s skills for playing, school performance, and daily activities and compare them with what is developmentally appropriate for that age group.

According to the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), in addition to dealing with someone’s physical well-being, OT practitioners address psychological, social, and environmental factors that can affect functioning in different ways. This approach makes OT a vital part of health care for some children.


The most important area for a child’s overall development is communication. The communication problem stops a child to express him/ her and to understand what others are saying. Speech and language therapists (SLTs) provide life-improving treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, eating, drinking or swallowing. SLTs assess and treat speech, language and communication problems in not only with children but people of all ages to help them communicate better. They also assess, treat and develop personalized plans to support children who have eating and swallowing problems.

SLTs support children with primary speech, language and communication difficulties such as stammering, speech fluency, improper articulation and others that are secondary to other conditions such as learning difficulties and hearing problems.

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